Задание дисциплине «Практикум общения на английском языке» (второй год обучения)
Презентация по одной из 15 тем «Intelligent Business»
и перевод текста:
Presenting a seminar paper
How to present a seminar paper. (Wallace, 1980, pp. 209-210)
It can be very boring to listen to something read aloud. Therefore what you must do is follow the following points:
- Decide on a time limit for your talk. Tell your audience what it is. Stick to your time limit. This is very important.
- Write out your spoken presentation in the way that you intend to say it. This means that you must do some of the work of writing the paper again, in a sense. Written language is different from spoken language (See Features of academic spoken English). Your seminar presentation will probably take less time than the written paper it is based on and you cannot summarise on your feet.
- Concentrate only on the main points. Ignore details. Hammer home the essence of your argument. If necessary find ways of making your basic points so that your audience will be clear about what they are.
- Try to make your presentation lively and interesting. This does not mean telling jokes and anecdotes. But if you can think of interesting or amusing examples to illustrate your argument, use them.
- Write out everything you have to say, including examples etc. Rehearse what you are going to say until you are happy with it.
- When you know exactly what you are going to say, reduce it to outline notes . Rehearse your talk again, this time form the outline notes. Make sure you can find your way easily from the outline notes to the full notes, in case you forget something.
- In the seminar, speak from the outline notes. But bring both sets of notes and your original paper to the meeting.
- Look at your audience when you are speaking. Use this technique: First read the appropriate part of your notes silently. Then look up at your audience and say what you have to say. Never speak while you are still reading. While you look at your audience, try to judge what they are thinking. Are they following you? You will never make contact with your audience if your eyes are fixed on the paper in front of you.
- Make a strong ending. One way of doing this is to repeat your main points briefly and invite questions or points of view.
Remember that listening is very different from reading. Something that is going to be listened to has therefore to be prepared in a very different way from something that is intended to be read.
2. Main Body
- State what you will do
What I'd like to do is to discuss .
What I intend to do is to explain .
In my talk today, .
My topic today is .
Today, I'm going to talk about .
I'm going to talk to you about .
My colleagues and I are going to give a short presentation on .
Today I want to consider .
In this talk, I would like to concentrate on .
The subject of this talk is .
The purpose of this talk is to .
This talk is designed to .
- State how you will do it
I'm going to deal with three aspects of the subject .
I'm going to divide my presentation into three sections.
I've divided my presentation into three sections.
I thought it would be useful to divide my talk into three sections.
This subject can be looked at under the following headings: .
I'll take about 7 minutes.
The talk should last about 7 minutes.
I'll be happy to answer questions at the end
If you have any questions, I'll try to answer them afterwards.
If you have any questions, please feel free to interrupt.
2. Main body
- Ordering points
To start with,
First of all,
- Giving examples
For example, .
For instance, .
And as proof of that, .
You only have to think of .
What's more, .
This supports my argument that .
It follows, therefore, that .
- Referring back to what you have said
As I said at the beginning, .
In the first part of my talk, I said .
As I mentioned earlier, .
I told you a few minutes ago that .
- Putting it in other words
In other words, .
That is to say, .
To put it another way, .
The point I'm making is .
What I'm suggesting is .,
Let me put it another way.
- Using visuals
On this graph, .
Take a look at this.
Let's have a look at this.
I'd like you to look at this.
I'd like to draw your attention to .
Here we can see .
The . represents .
The graph illustrates .
As you can see, .
If you look closely, you'll see .
- Moving on
I'd like now to move on to .
Turning now to.
Moving on now to.
Having looked at ., I'd now like to consider .
Now, let's turn to ...
I now want to turn to
The next point is .
Another interesting point is .
The next aspect I'd like to consider is .
I'd now like to turn to .
-We've seen that .
-First we looked at . and we saw that .
-Then we considered . and I argued .
-In short .
-In brief, we have looked at ...
-To sum up .
-In conclusion, I'd like to emphasise that .
-I think that covers most of the point.
--That completes my presentation.
Thank you for your attention.
- Invite questions
-That covers the main points. If you have any comments or questions, I'll be happy to hear them.
-So that explains my main point. Does anyone have any comments or questions?
-I'd be glad to try and answer any questions.